The eyes are located in the center of the face as the most important determinant of communication and expression. With advancing age, symptoms such as lines on the eyelids and eyelids, excess skin, and bags come to the fore. However, collapses and bruises may develop in custody. In these people, the forehead muscles start to work harder to keep the eyelids open and cause forehead lines. All of these factors combine to give a person’s gaze an old, tired and unhappy expression. Apart from aesthetic problems, signs of aging around the eyes also restrict the visual field, preventing comfortable vision. This surgery, which provides a more comfortable and clear vision and a youthful and energetic look, is one of the most frequently performed aesthetic operations today.
Appropriate Patient Profile
Patients who develop significant excess skin on the upper eyelid, bags and grooves on the lower eyelid, and lines around the eyes are suitable for this operation. Except in rare cases, the patient profile is often over 30 years of age.
After a suitable disease history and physical examination, a roadmap for surgery is drawn, such as the shape of the eyelid, skin structure, its relationship with surrounding tissues such as forehead and cheek, and additional procedures that can be performed. Conditions that may pose an obstacle to the operation are inspected by the anesthesiologist, and necessary blood tests are performed. In case of chronic diseases that may affect the surgery, additional examinations or consultations may be requested. If any blood thinners are used, they should be discontinued at least 1 week in advance. Smoking can often impair the wound healing process and comfortable breathing. There is no need to discontinue drugs used for other chronic diseases.
Eyelid surgery is performed in a hospital setting. Upper lid blepharoplasty takes 30 minutes with medium under local anesthesia. Lower lid blepharoplasty is a procedure that takes 1 hour under sedation or general anesthesia. Upper lid blepharoplasty is done with a horizontal incision. Excess skin, muscle and adipose tissue on the upper lid are removed. The lower lid blepharoplasty procedure is performed with an incision made under the eyelashes. The fatty tissue causing the bagging is removed. The bottom cover is stretched and hung. Lid surgeries can often be performed as part of other facial rejuvenation procedures. It can be applied together with eyelid surgery in additional interventions such as forehead lift and eyebrow lift, botox, fat injection, mid-face lift.
After the operation, food is eaten at the 4th hour and the patient gets up from the bed and starts walking. Although swelling and bruises around the eyes are the most disturbing problem, they may not be in every patient. After the operation, ice is applied to the eye area to reduce swelling and edema. However, edema and bruises that occur are largely resolved within 48-72 hours. The patient is discharged on the same day. The patient returns to his daily life within the same week. Stitches are removed within the first week.
Of course, every surgical procedure has its own complications. Although these are rare, they should be explained to the patient by the physician for the purpose of informing the patient. There are alternative solution options for all of the early and late complications that may develop. temporary problems; tenderness, pain, early problems; bleeding, infection, delayed wound healing, long-term problems; closure problems and aesthetic problems.