Excessive and unhealthy diet, inactivity, and an irregular lifestyle lead to deterioration in body structure and weight gain over time. The calories taken accumulate in the fat cells in the body over time. After puberty, the number of these fat cells is fixed and does not change. For this reason, excess fat becomes more prominent in areas such as the abdomen, hips, arms and legs where fat cells are high. Compelling, continuous and patience-requiring ways such as sports or diet are often ineffective in removing this lubrication in resistant areas. The excess fat that occurs not only triggers many chronic diseases, but also visually makes the person unhappy and introverted. Liposuction is a procedure based on the removal of subcutaneous fat tissue with the help of thin cannulas. Due to its fast, effective and successful results, it is one of the most frequently performed procedures by plastic surgeons in the world.
Ultrasonic (Vaser) Liposuction
VAZER liposuction is a technique in which ultrasonic waves are used to break up fat tissue. Compared to classical liposuction, the fat breakdown process is provided more easily. Recovery and tightening of the skin is faster. Pain, bruising and edema are less in VAZER liposuction technique. There is a risk of burns due to ultrasonic waves.
Laser Lipolysis Liposuction
Laser lipolysis liposuction is a technique in which laser is used to break down fat tissue. It provides rapid tightening of the skin. It is particularly advantageous in areas with limited fat accumulation. The most important disadvantage is the risk of burns.
Appropriate Patient Profile
Patients with persistent excess fat in their body despite sports or diet practices are suitable for liposuction. The most successful results can often be obtained in young and middle-aged patients who have good skin elasticity and do not have excessive sagging. Its effect is limited in overweight patients who have had multiple births. There is no age restriction in the appropriate indication.
Liposuction and Facts
Liposuction is one of the most popular and popular plastic surgery operations among the public. However, there is a lot of misinformation and belief in society about liposuction. There are important points that people who are considering having this surgery should know in order to have the right expectation. -Liposuction is not a weight loss surgery. The main purpose of this surgery is to shape the body. It is to save the person from the excess fat in the regional areas that cannot be eliminated with sports or diet. – Maximum 4-6 kilos of fat is removed from your body during liposuction. Values above this can cause serious health problems. – The lubrication in the abdomen consists of two parts, internal and external. Fat accumulations in or around organs such as the stomach, intestines, and liver are defined as internal lubrication. External lubrication is fat deposits under the skin. Liposuction cannot remove internal fat. For this reason, it may not be possible to flatten the abdomen completely in every patient. – Patients with low skin elasticity and quality have more sagging and loosening. The effect of liposuction on the skin is limited. Abdominal stretching should be considered in the foreground in patients with excessively saggy skin. – Liposuction has little effect on sagging, cracks or cellulite on the skin. – Although many new names such as VAZER liposuction, laser lipolysis, liposculpture, etc. are highlighted, classical liposuction is definitely performed in all of these techniques. All of them have their own advantages and disadvantages. – In case of post-operative weight gain, there is no lubrication in the liposuction area. The lubrication therefore shifts to other parts of the body. In order to maintain your form after liposuction, you need to regulate your diet, exercise and pay attention to your lifestyle.
Along with an appropriate disease history and physical examination, criteria that will determine the technique of the operation such as the patient’s body form, areas of excess adipose tissue, skin quality and elasticity, etc. are evaluated. Conditions that may pose an obstacle to the operation are inspected by the anesthesiologist, and necessary blood tests are performed. In case of chronic diseases that may affect the surgery, additional examinations or consultations may be requested. If any blood thinners are used, they should be discontinued at least 1 week in advance. Smoking may impair the wound healing process in some patients. There is no need to discontinue drugs used for other chronic diseases.
Liposuction should be performed in a hospital setting. Local, sedation or general anesthesia may be preferred depending on the size of the area where the fat will be removed. Before starting the operation, the areas where fat will be removed are drawn while standing. The duration of the operation varies according to the amount of fat to be removed. It can vary between 30 minutes – 5 hours. The procedure is performed in the areas determined by your plastic surgeon. Special liquids prepared through small holes drilled into the area to be degreased are given. Then, the fat is taken out of the body by vacuuming technique. At the end of the operation, a corset is applied to the patient.
After the operation, food is eaten at the 4th hour and the patient gets up from the bed and starts walking. The patient is discharged on the same day or 1 day later. The pain is not pronounced and painkillers to be used provide adequate help. Drinking plenty of fluids and movement is recommended. The patient can be washed after 1-2 days. After the operation, a corset is worn for 2-3 weeks in order to adapt the skin in the area where liposuction is applied to the new area. Edema and swelling go away in about 2-3 weeks. The patient can return to his daily life within the same week. Light exercises can be done easily after the operation. In about 3 months, the body takes its final shape.
Of course, every surgical procedure has its own complications. Although these are rare, they should be explained to the patient by the physician for the purpose of informing the patient. There are alternative solution options for all of the early and late complications that may develop. Temporary problems; loss of sensation, tenderness, pain, early problems; bleeding, fat embolism, organ injuriesLong-term problems; asymmetry, fluctuation in the skin, collapse and aesthetic problems.
Liposuction and Permanence
Liposuction results are permanent in the applied area. Postoperative weight does not accumulate in the areas where liposuction is performed. Instead, the pounds cause them to build up in other parts of the body.