The human body loses its fullness over the years with the effect of aging. While the skin sags with the effect of gravity, deep lines, grooves and volume losses are experienced in certain areas. Especially in areas such as the face, breast, hips and legs, the soft tissue decreases in volume and loses its clarity. Apart from the natural process, similar problems may arise due to many unfortunate reasons such as cancer, accident, burns. Fillers are used in patients with these problems. Fat cells obtained from the person’s own body are the most effective fillers used today. With its stem cell content, fat cells play a major role in the repair, rejuvenation and regeneration of tissues, as well as their filling function. Fat injections, which are widely used in many patients for aesthetic and reconstruction purposes in recent years, have come to the fore as an indispensable procedure with satisfactory results.
Appropriate Patient Profile
It is suitable for people who have deep lines, grooves and loss of volume in areas such as the eyes and cheeks, lips, chin tip in the face area or who want a more prominent appearance. However, it can be applied to obtain a fuller image by eliminating volume deficiencies in areas such as breast, hip and leg. It is a suitable candidate for this procedure in people who have tissue deficiency or asymmetry in the body for any reason other than aesthetic purposes.
After an appropriate disease history and physical examination, a roadmap for surgery is drawn. Conditions that may pose an obstacle to the operation are inspected by the anesthesiologist, and necessary blood tests are performed. In case of chronic diseases that may affect the surgery, additional examinations or consultations may be requested. If any blood thinners are used, they should be discontinued at least 1 week in advance. Smoking can impair the wound healing process. There is no need to discontinue drugs used for other chronic diseases.
Fat injections are done in a hospital setting. It can be done under local, sedation or general anesthesia. The duration ranges from 30 minutes to 2 hours. The amount of fat to be removed and the width of the area to be injected are the main factors that determine the type and duration of anesthesia. Fat is removed by liposuction method by entering the fat-rich areas of the body with thin cannulas. The extracted fat is subjected to various processes and the stem cell-rich part is obtained. This purified adipose tissue is then injected into the desired areas. It is a scarless surgical procedure.
After the operation, food is eaten at the 4th hour and the patient gets up from the bed and starts walking. Although swelling and bruises are a problem in some patients, they may not be in all patients. Ice is applied in injections made in the face area. However, edema and bruises that occur are largely resolved within 48-72 hours. The patient is discharged on the same day. The patient returns to his daily life within a few days.
Of course, every surgical procedure has its own complications. Although these are rare, they should be explained to the patient by the physician for the purpose of informing the patient. There are alternative solution options for all of the early and late complications that may develop. Temporary problems; tenderness, pain, early problems; bleedingLong-term problems; clumping, asymmetry, and melting are aesthetic problems.
Fat Injection / Fillers
There are significant differences between the adipose tissue taken from the person’s own body and the ready-made fillers sold in the market. – The application time of ready-made fillers is short. It can be easily applied in the polyclinic room. The patient can immediately return to his daily work. However, its persistence is short. It melts almost completely between 6-18 months. It is essential to be renewed with additional doses. Because it is a foreign substance, it may cause allergic reactions. – Fat injection is performed in the operating room and under anesthesia. The process does not take as short as filling. However, with the right technique, it is 85-90% permanent. Since it is the person’s own tissue, it does not cause an allergic reaction. In addition, fat injection is not a simple filler. Thanks to the stem cells it contains, it also helps cell renewal, rejuvenation and repair of the skin in the areas where it is used. While helping the treatment of lines and spots on the skin, it gives shine to the skin.