The face basically consists of the bony skeleton and the soft tissues attached to it. Facial tissue, which has a young and full structure with birth, loses this feature over time. This deterioration is more evident in individuals with an underdeveloped or asymmetrical facial skeleton. Apart from genetic reasons, deformations can occur in the facial skeleton after cancer or accidents. The faint appearance, especially in the cheeks, cheekbones and chin areas, gives the person an aged and visually undesirable expression. This asymmetrical and deformed image of the face can often lead the person to psychological problems such as social life, embarrassment and depression. Facial prostheses are an alternative option for these patients where simple fat injections and filling procedures are insufficient. Facial prostheses, which contribute to medicine with the developing technology, are frequently used by aesthetic surgeons to clarify the face shape in a simple, effective and fast way or to support the missing areas.
Appropriate Patient Profile
It is a procedure that is usually applied to middle-aged and older patients. People who develop drooping and streaking on the forehead and eyebrows, excess skin on the upper eyelids, and limited visual field are suitable for this surgery.
After an appropriate disease history and physical examination, criteria to determine the technique of the operation are evaluated. Conditions that may pose an obstacle to the operation are inspected by the anesthesiologist, and necessary blood tests are performed. In case of chronic diseases that may affect the surgery, additional examinations or consultations may be requested. If any blood thinners are used, they should be discontinued at least 1 week in advance. Smoking may impair the wound healing process in some patients. There is no need to discontinue drugs used for other chronic diseases.
Upper facelift surgery is performed in a hospital environment, under sedation or general anesthesia. The duration of the operation varies between 1-3 hours, depending on the additional procedures to be performed. The procedure is performed in accordance with the technique determined by your aesthetic surgeon. Upper eyelid blepharoplasty, open or endoscopic forehead lift, suspension techniques can be applied. Excess skin and adipose tissue on the upper eyelid are removed. Forehead and temple stretching is applied by entering through incisions made through the scalp. Excess skin tissue is removed. Suspension methods are smaller and easier operations.
After the operation, food is eaten at the 4th hour and the patient gets up from the bed and starts walking. There may be a slight pain in the face area due to tension. The pain is not as much as it is thought and the painkillers to be used provide sufficient help. Patients are discharged on the same day or on the 1st day. The patient can be washed after 1-2 days. Some edema and swelling that may occur in the face area will completely disappear in approximately 2-3 weeks. The patient can return to his daily life in about 1 week. Bandaging is applied to the face for the first 2-3 days after the surgery.
Of course, every surgical procedure has its own complications. Although these are rare, they should be explained to the patient by the physician for the purpose of informing the patient. There are alternative solution options for all of the early and late complications that may develop. temporary problems; tenderness, pain, feeling of tension, early problems; bleeding, infection, wound healing problems, temporary nerve damage, long-term problems; bad scars and aesthetic problems.